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General Antitrust

Ten Years of Regulation 1/2003 - A Retrospective

Wouter P.J. Wils, Journal of European Competition Law and Practice, Forthcoming 2014.

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Regulation 1/2003 brought about a radical change in the way in which the EU antitrust prohibitions contained in Articles 101 and 102 TFEU are enforced. The previous enforcement regime, under Regulation 17, which dated from 1962, was characterised by a centralised notification and authorisation system for Article 101(3) TFEU. Regulation 1/2003 abolished this system and replaced it by a system of decentralised ex post enforcement, in which the European Commission and the competition authorities of the EU Member States (national competition authorities), forming together the European Competition Network, pursue infringements of Articles 101 and 102 TFEU.

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